Know the Symptoms of COVID-19

The occasional cough or sneeze make people suspicious. Is this COVID-19? How would you know if you have it?
The most detailed breakdown of symptoms of the disease comes from a recent World Health Organization analysis of more than 55,000 confirmed cases in China. Here are the most common symptoms and the percentage of people who had them:
• Fever: 88%
• Dry cough: 68%
• Fatigue: 38%
• Coughing up sputum, or thick phlegm, from the lungs: 33%
• Shortness of breath: 19%
• Bone or joint pain: 15%
• Sore throat: 14%
• Headache: 14%
• Chills: 11%
• Nausea or vomiting: 5%
• Stuffy nose: 5%
• Diarrhoea: 4%
• Coughing up blood: 1%
• Swollen eyes: 1%
COVID-19 is a lower respiratory tract infection, which means that most of the symptoms are felt in the chest and lungs. That’s different from colds that bring on an upper respiratory tract infection, where you get a runny nose and sinus congestion. Those symptoms seem to be mostly absent for people with COVID-19, though they’re not unheard of.


What You Need to Know.

The new coronavirus epidemic that started in Wuhan, China, in late December 2019 is now in dozens of countries.

What are the symptoms of coronavirus?

Symptoms of COVID-19, the disease the new coronavirus causes, may include:
• Cough
• Shortness of breath
Symptoms may appear in as little as 2 days and as long as 14 days after you’re exposed to the virus.

Is the coronavirus seasonal, like the flu?

Will the coronavirus die out once warmer weather hits? It is possible, but they do not know enough about the virus yet to know for sure.

Most respiratory viruses, like the flu, are seasonal. Coronavirus may behave like the flu and we shall see cases go down in spring and summer. But it is premature to assume that.

How is coronavirus diagnosed?

If you believe you may have COVID-19, call your doctor’s office before you go. Alert them to the situation so they can prepare for your arrival. Do not just go to an emergency room without calling first.

How does coronavirus spread?

Because COVID-19 is new, there remain many unanswered questions about how it spreads. But experts believe:
• The virus may spread from person to person, between people who are within about 2 meters of each other, and through droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
• It spreads from contact with infected surfaces. Touching a surface or object that has the virus and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes is one way it may spread, although it is not believed to be the main way of spreading the virus.
• It may spread before people have symptoms.
• It is not airborne, so you can’t catch it from breathing.
• It spreads easily. Not all viruses do, but COVID-19 spreads “easily and sustainably in the community”.

Is there a vaccine for COVID-19?

Not yet. And any working vaccine is at least a year away. But several research universities and drug companies are working on it. At least one possible vaccine is ready for phase I human trials.

How is coronavirus treated?

There is no drug treatment yet, and antibiotics are effective only against bacterial infections.

Experts recommend treating symptoms:
• Try ibuprofen for pain and fever;
• Get rest;
• and drink plenty of water.
• People with more serious cases need to be in the hospital, where they may need help with breathing and other support.

Is coronavirus worse than the flu?

Some key differences:
• COVID-19 doesn’t seem to spread as efficiently as the flu.
• people get sicker from COVID-19.
• Many people globally have built up immunity to seasonal flu strains, but COVID-19 is a new virus to which no one has immunity. That means more people are susceptible to infection.

How long does this coronavirus live on surfaces or outside of the body?

Studies have shown that COVID-19 may last for a few hours or several days on surfaces. It depends on temperature, the kind of surface, and humidity. Using a simple disinfectant on all reachable surfaces is a good idea.

How can you prevent and avoid coronavirus?

Three words offer the best advice: Wash Your Hands.

– Wash them for at least 20 seconds each time.
– Wash them before you prepare food, eat, after use of the bathroom, if you cough or sneeze, and if you are caring for sick people.
– If you don’t have soap and water, use a sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.


• Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
• Don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth.
• Stay home when you are sick.
• Cover your cough or sneeze with your elbow, or cough or sneeze into a tissue and then throw the tissue into the trash.
• Clean frequently touched objects and surfaces with a disinfectant cleaning spray or wipe.

Get up, stand up!

Every day activities really do count as exercise

Yes, it’s the New Year. The children are back at school, you’re back at work, and chances are good that you’re already battling to stick to your New Year’s resolutions – 60 percent of us are no longer sticking to our resolutions by mid-year, according to two academics writing in The Conversation.

Among the most common New Year’s resolutions is some variant of “I will exercise more this year”. In the heat of the moment, the idea of getting up an hour earlier to go the gym or the swimming pool sounds inspiring; when it comes to actually doing it, it may not be so easy.

Cheer up! We have some great news for you: almost exactly two years ago, a study was published that showed you can enjoy greater well-being by simply doing a little more every day.

“The study shows that there are considerable health benefits to be gained not only from moderate or intense physical activity but also from low-intensity (everyday) activity. Replacing half an hour’s sedentariness a day with such low-level activity can reduce the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease by an estimated 24 percent.

“Replacing sedentariness with physical activity of at least moderate level equivalent to a brisk walk, or higher intensity training, had, as expected, an even greater effect on cardiovascular-related mortality. Ten minutes of moderate to intense activity a day reduced the risk of death due to cardiovascular disease by 38 per cent, 30 minutes a day by a full 77 per cent, according to their calculations.”

Here’s a thought: you could replace a half-hour of sitting thumbing through FOMO stuff on your phone or tablet with mopping floors, sweeping, raking the lawn, digging or any of a number of household and outdoor chores that have to be done – and you’d definitely be doing at least low-intensity activity, in many cases moderate intensity. Or you could choose to do something fun, like dancing or playing with the children.

Five ordinary activities that count as exercise are:

• Walking. Yes, it’s great for overall fitness. Walking to the nearest shop to pick up milk is exercise; so is walking your dog, walking to the taxi rank or walking the children to school.

• Gardening. Anyone who has access to a piece of land the size of a front door can contribute significantly to the household groceries – and the digging, weeding and harvesting are great exercise.

• Playing. Get outside with either your children or your dog, and spend just twenty minutes having fun with balls, running around and getting in some pretty intense exercise!

• Cleaning house or decluttering. It makes you feel like you’ve really achieved something, and you will certainly break a sweat!

• Dancing. Pop in the earplugs and dance in your bedroom or go out and party the evening away – either way, you’ll be getting some solid exercise.

“Exercise does not have to be a grind – it should be enjoyable,” says South African Society of Physiotherapy President Rogier van Bever Donker. “If you are concerned about undertaking any physical activity, or feel pain during activities of daily life, please consult your physiotherapist.”

Article courtesy of the South African  Society of Physiotherapy.